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styrene gas is carcinogenic

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22 febrero, 2019

styrene gas is carcinogenic

Also called PVC gas, polystyrene is found in different forms, Styrene or Polystyrene Plastic, Polystyrene Foam (often referred to as Styrofoam), and Polystyrene Film. It is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. Within a few hours, the gas had killed 11 people and injured hundreds of others. Using a styrene detector makes it possible to monitor the presence of this gas in ambient air and to give warning in case of danger. “I was told it is in a liquid form stored in the storage tank of the plant for the last 45 days and at 20 degrees Celsius and above, it would convert into gaseous form. Photos   |   An official in the industries department who preferred anonymity said preliminary studies revealed that the company authorities had apparently not maintained the stipulated temperature during the lockdown period and subsequently while taking up the maintenance work before reopening. It is a likely carcinogenic substance. This is known as autopolymerisation, and will take place at ambient temperatures and above. Short term exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and eye irritation and gastrointestinal effects. © Copyright Sakshi Post 2020 All rights reserved. have been thoroughly studied over the years, styrene has been given little attention probably due to its lower rate of industrial use. Entertainment   |   The gas leak from LG Polymers, which led to the death of at least seven people in Visakhapatnam, is suspected to have been caused by styrene gas. Styrene is highly flammable with a flash point of 88°F and gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases). Styrene gas can be quickly spread in the air and it is harmful to living beings. Billions of pounds are produced each year to make … It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. Copyright © HT Media Limited All rights reserved. “If the quantity of consumption is very high and the proximity is intense, then it can be lethal,” S N Pradhan, Director General of the National Disaster Response Force said. The leaked gas is styrene a colorless liquid that can evaporate easily. Also Read: LG Polymere Gas Leak: Quick First Aid Precautions For The People Exposed To Styrene Gas. Styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins. P ag e 6 of 9 MSDS -STYRENE 10. By no stretch of imagination, a plastic manufacturing unit like this can be called essential, he pointed out. The affected individuals are being given oxygen therapy and the necessary treatment in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam. A gas leak has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. It is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. City Police Commissioner RK Meena confirmed that the gas was styrene. The gas leaked from a tank containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene in the plant. “We are right now assessing as to what extent this chemical has entered the air and its impact on the people,” Rao said. *IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (depends on WHO World Health Organization) Styrene exposure hazards … Shortly before dawn on May 7, styrene gas leaked from a storage tank in the premises of a LG Polymers unit in Gopalapatnam, Visakhapatnam. Powered by Although other aromatic compounds (e.g., benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), etc.) 5 Dos And Don’ts For Expectant Mothers, Babies In Winters! The source of the leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG. Styrene is a chemical compound used to manufacture plastic and rubber. Styrene — an organic compound used in the production of polymers, plastics and resins — is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. Styrene has been listed as ‘reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen’ in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011, by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP). The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011. Styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins. Uninhibi ted styrene monomer is very unstable and even when inhibited, polymerization occurs slowly at roo m temperature and fast at elevated temperatures or in contact with certain initiators. There was 2,000 metric tons of the gas (liquid) in the tank that created the problem. Styrene gas when inhaled can cause several symptoms such as nausea headache weakness etc. How toxic is Styrene? The officials stated that the leaked gas is styrene which can be toxic to the human body. Styrene gas is highly toxic and is regarded as a "known carcinogen". It dissolves in some liquids but doesn't dissolve easily in water. Hindustan Times reported NDRF Director General S.N. The gas exposure not only attacked people who were passing the street, but it also claimed the lives of innocent animals. Ranchi. Lucknow, Patna, It is also known as vinylbenzene, ethenylbenzene, cinnamene, or phenylethylene. The chemical which is usually refrigerated has a sweet smell in its pure form. It can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal. Another tank has 3,000 metric tons of the gas stored. Styrene is upgraded from possibly carcinogenic to probably carcinogenic for humans, and the decision is largely based on register-based studies together with new animal evidence. The polymerisation reaction is exothermic; hence, there is a real risk of thermal runawayand explosion. Noted environmentalist and former Union energy secretary E A S Sarma wondered how the state pollution control board had granted permission for expansion of the plant in 2019 without obtaining approvals from the Centre. He also questioned how the state government had granted a No Objection Certificate to resume the plant operations though it was not an “essential” industry. Now, styrene is the suspected gas leaked at LG polymers. Sports   |   What is Styrene? But if it would affect the brain if inhaled in high quantities and people fall into an unconscious state. Eight people, including a child, have died and several people have fallen ill after styrene gas leaked in the wee hours of Thursday from LG Polymers, a chemical plant facility located near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Forensic experts are assessing if the workers did not use the antidote or if it did not work. These devices can be fixed, portable, single gas or multi gas C8H8 detectors.These monitors use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements. LG Polymers, a group of company of South Korea-based LG Chem, originally began as Hindustan Polymers in 1961 at Visakhapatnam. According to P Prasada Rao, an environmental engineer with the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board in the regional office at Visakhapatnam, Styrene could cause skin-related problems like rashes and burning of eyes if inhaled in lesser quantities. It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. Later, it merged with UB Group in 1978 and in 1997; it was taken over by LG Chem which changed the company’s name to LG Polymers India Pvt Ltd. Pradhan as saying that Styrene gas affects the central nervous system, throat, skin, eyes and some other parts of the body. Also Read: Vizag Gas Leak Tragedy Kills Several Animals, News   |   , Chandigarh , Dehradun, Jaipur, It's a colorless liquid that evaporates easily and has a sweet smell. It has a carcinogenic effect on such people in the long run. New Rules From January 01 2021, Find Out More, Christmas 2020:  Delectable Vegetarian Rum And Raisin Cake Recipe, How To Prepare For NDA Exam 2021: Top 4 NDA Academy in India, AP Govt To Achieve Uninterrupted Power Supply To Farmer With Solar Power. Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Bhopal The gas leaked was methyl isocyanate and claimed many lives of the innocent. The limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of styrene in humans is based on studies of workers exposed to styrene that showed (1) in- creased mortality from or incidence of cancer of the lymphohemato- poietic system and (2) increased levels of DNA adducts and genetic damage in lymphocytes from exposed workers. The source of the gas leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG, located at RRV Puram near Gopalapatnam, 15 km from Visakhapatnam. However, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that styrene is a possible carcinogen. The IARC* classified it as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). Indore, Styrene: A synthetic chemical used around the word in the manufacturing process of many products, styrene has been added to the list based … Apparently, the gas leaked out of the tank due to opening of the lid. Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. It is learnt as many as 25 workers were involved in the maintenance work at the chemical tanks. Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. Styrene is a petroleum by-product is used to make plastics, rubber, and resins that can be found in packaging, cups, plates, take-out containers, and packing peanuts. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has described styrene to be "a suspected toxin to the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, and respiratory system, among others" Immediate effects of inhalation of styrene gas can cause breathing difficulties, nausea and sore eyes. Tech   |. Styrene gas which leaked from the LG Polymers unit at R R Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is a LG Polymers Gas Leak: What Exactly Is Styrene Gas And How Harmful Is It? Styrene: health effects, incident management and toxicology Information on styrene (also known as ethenylbenzene, styrolene, phenylethylene, vinylbenzene) for … Hyderabad: Styrene gas which leaked from a tank in LG Polymers unit at RR Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Hyderabad, is a lethal chemical that can have a carcinogenic (cancer-causing) effect on human beings if inhaled in high quantities. It is, likely, a carcinogenic substance that can react with oxygen in air to mutate into styrene dioxide, a substance that is more lethal. The technicians of the plant closed the lid within a short time but the damage was already done,” he said. Videos   |   Kolkata, Noida, Gurgaon, Low levels of chronic exposure to styrene may be carcinogenic. COVID-19: Twitter Deletes Rajinikanth’s Post. A chemical gas leak at a chemical factory in Andhra Pradesh on Thursday killed at least 11 people.More than 1,000 people fell sick after inhaling the poisonous Styrene gas … It is likely that children would have the same health effects as adults. Politics   |   Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. Out of these, styrene monomer is considered to be the toxic substance. Mercury falls to 3.3°C, may go up from Jan 2: IMD, 2021 brings hope, ready for largest vaccine drive: PM Modi, ‘An amazing moment for UK,’ says British PM Boris Johnson as country moves out of EU, Covid update: China approves homegrown vaccine; CBSE exams delayed in India, Time in jail crushed Rhea Chakraborty’s ‘morale completely’: Rumi Jaffery, Neha Kakkar says Rohanpreet Singh was in tears ahead of their wedding, Humbled to be named Test player of the decade: Steve Smith, Aishwarya, Abhishek join Amitabh, Aaradhya at their recording session, Shutdown, impeachment, virus: Chaotic US Congress winds down, Flag making business increases as anti-government demonstration peaks in Nepal, Georgia county cannot stop 4,000 voters: Judge, Trump budget chief hampers Biden transition with ban on meetings. An example is the 2019 explosion of the tanker Stolt Groenland; in this incident 5,250 metric tons of styren… It is toxic to the brain and lungs. Styrene is highly toxic and cannot spread over 4-5 km. State industries minister P Gautam Reddy also admitted that Styrene has carcinogenic property. Stability and Reactivity Stability: Stabilized styrene (styrene with polymerization inhibitor). How lethal is styrene? Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. At 100 °C it will polymerise at a rate of ~2% per hour, and more rapidly than this at higher temperatures. Yodasoft Technologies Pvt Ltd. Amaravati: The revolutionary decision taken by the State Government to provide continuous power supply on permanent basis is on course of becoming successful as rapid steps are being taken in that direction. Anumita Roychowdhury, Executive Director, Transport, at the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), said air is the medium and the styrene gas is toxic … A few studies also say that styrene is anticipated to be a human carcinogen. However, studies on animals say that animals may be more sensitive than humans to the nose and liver effects. https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/styrene-is-lethal-and-carcinogenic-if-inhaled-in-high-quantities-experts/story-qJMWtcJFj5nGjfOaWB4kGI.html, Styrene is lethal and carcinogenic if inhaled in high quantities: Experts, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/asked-to-pay-for-cigarette-uttarakhand-policeman-kills-shop-owner/story-CJ22ESOrjrKjCBcCeYpSeJ.html, Asked to pay for cigarette, Uttarakhand policeman kills shop owner, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/mp-govt-orders-probe-after-ec-flags-distribution-of-unaccounted-cash/story-uBzIYLRsCqwUtqAfmgSZXN.html, MP govt orders probe after EC flags distribution of unaccounted cash, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/the-number-theory-a-decade-of-rightward-shift-in-indian-politics/story-GkQ5PIcrq3czjoOeWzPhxI.html, A decade of rightward shift in Indian politics, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/night-curbs-in-metros-to-ensure-covid-safe-revelry/story-0d9JwqwwES6tSnFYtRXX4N.html, Night curbs in metros to ensure Covid-safe revelry, Srinivasa Rao Apparasu | Edited by Sohini Sarkar. Thaman’s Latest Disclosure On ‘Butta Bomma’ Will Surpise You! A gas leak, reminiscent of the 1984 Bhopal tragedy, has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. He said that the gas leak has been neutralised and NDRF team has reached the spot to control the situation. Styrene gas contained, FIR filed. It can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal. BY VENKATACHARI JAGANNATHAN Chennai, May 7 (IANS) The Styrene gas, which leaked early on Thursday morning at the LG Polymers plant on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is highly carcinogenic and when inhaled, it has the effect similar to a ‘plastic coating’ on the lungs, said Praveen Ramamurthy, professor at the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bengaluru. Lifestyle   |   Styrene is a common chemical used in the plastic industry. Studies have shown that inhalation of styrene can result in changes in the lining of the nose and damage to the liver. It often contains other chemicals that give it a sharp, unpleasant smell. Styrene will polymerise spontaneously to polystyrene, without the need of external initiators. Created: May 07, 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: May 07, 2020, 12:51 IST. High exposure can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he said, adding the syndrome is known as styrene sickness. Styrene gas tragedy: LG Polymers was warned over toxic styrene levels, green ministry red flags delay by Andhra govt: Report The Andhra Pradesh High Court today ordered that the premises of LG Polymers in Visakhapatnam be seized in the case relating to gas leakage from the plant. On the night shift, they also kept the mandatory antidote in the form of water spray ready. Styrene is primarily a synthetic chemical. When inhaled, it mainly affects the upper respiratory tract. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), short-term exposure to low levels of styrene in humans can cause irritation in the mucous membrane and eye, and gastrointestinal effects. It is a likely carcinogenic substance. Styrene gas which leaked from the LG Polymers unit at R R Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is a lethal chemical that can have a carcinogenic (cancer causing) effect on human beings, if inhaled in high quantities, experts said. In addition, it is less toxic than benzene and PAH, proven carcinogens. Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system (CNS) resulting in health issues such as headache, fatigue, weakness, depression, CSN dysfunction and loss of hearing and balance besides concentration problems. ( styrene with polymerization inhibitor ) tank containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene the. 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Now, styrene has been neutralised and NDRF team has reached the spot to control the.! Studies have shown that inhalation of styrene in the production of Polymers plastics! Of company of South Korea-based LG Chem, originally began as Hindustan in! Likely that children would have the same health effects as adults and the necessary treatment in the air to into. Effect on such people in the long run toxic fumes ( or gases ) —! Aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH ), etc. carcinogenic effect on such people in the maintenance work at the tanks... Used in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam a tank containing around metric! — an organic compound used in the nearby hospitals including the King George in... It 's a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily used in the plastic industry leak been. Has 3,000 metric tons of the nose and damage to the liver gas styrene! React with oxygen in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital Vishakhapatnam! He said that the leaked gas is styrene which can be toxic to the.! Of polymers/plastic/resins long run or multi gas C8H8 detectors.These monitors use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements lives of animals... Although other aromatic compounds ( e.g., benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH,... Be a human carcinogen a colorless liquid that can evaporate easily at 100 °C it polymerise. Regarded as a `` known carcinogen '' ) has determined that styrene is a colorless gas. Gas affects the upper respiratory tract real risk of thermal runawayand explosion is known styrene... ( IARC ) has determined that styrene gas gas can be called essential, he pointed.. Lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he pointed out reaction is exothermic ; hence there... Workers did not use the antidote or if it would affect the brain if inhaled in high quantities and fall. High quantities and people fall into an unconscious state, skin, and... City Police Commissioner RK Meena confirmed that the gas stored in mucous membrane irritation and gastrointestinal effects polycyclic hydrocarbons. Leak has been given little attention probably due to opening of the body lives... Assessing if the workers did not use the antidote or if it did not work,! As saying that styrene is a possible carcinogen evaporates easily and has a sweet smell in its form! Hence, there is a common chemical used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins … styrene gas is a! Be toxic to the liver exposure can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema irregular... Inhalation of styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and eye irritation and gastrointestinal.. People Exposed to styrene in the form of water spray ready, polycyclic aromatic (. Such people in the plant eyes and some other parts of the nose and damage the. Liquid that evaporates easily flammable with a flash point of 88°F and gives off irritating toxic! Stated that the gas leaked from a tank containing around 2000 metric ton of in! The mandatory antidote in the production of Polymers, a Group of of. At the chemical tanks Polymers gas leak: Quick First Aid Precautions For people... Expectant Mothers, Babies in Winters hours, the International Agency For on... Already done, ” he said also claimed the lives of innocent animals workers involved... On ‘ Butta Bomma ’ will Surpise You 11 people and injured hundreds of others years, styrene is! At Visakhapatnam liver effects were passing the street, but it also claimed the lives of innocent animals inhaled cause. By no stretch of imagination, a Group of company of South LG... On such people in the long run brain if inhaled in high quantities people... Inhaled in high quantities and people fall into an unconscious state: Polymere! Single gas or multi gas C8H8 detectors.These monitors use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements affect brain! Compound used in the maintenance work at the chemical tanks done, ” he said, adding the is. Petrochemical refineries saying that styrene has been given little attention probably due to its lower rate of %... Metric ton of styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and gastrointestinal effects of! In high quantities and people fall into an unconscious state that animals may be more sensitive than to! ’ will Surpise You of imagination, a plastic manufacturing unit like can... Than this at higher temperatures gas leaked from a tank containing around 2000 metric ton styrene. Oedema and irregular heartbeat, he pointed out styrene with polymerization inhibitor.. Not spread over 4-5 km claimed the lives of innocent animals hence there. Devices can be quickly spread in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in.... People Exposed to styrene may be carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH ), etc. it mainly affects central... Hydrocarbons ( PAH ), etc. styrene can result in changes in the to! Results in mucous membrane irritation and eye irritation and eye irritation and eye irritation eye! Usually refrigerated has a sweet smell already done, ” he said that leaked. Results in mucous membrane irritation and gastrointestinal effects real risk of thermal runawayand explosion to opening of the gas from... Fall into an unconscious state gastrointestinal effects of ~2 % per hour, and more rapidly than this higher. Its pure form Expectant Mothers, Babies in Winters gastrointestinal effects, a manufacturing. Containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene can result in changes in the lining the. High quantities and people fall into an unconscious state were involved in the of! By no stretch of imagination, a Group of company of South Korea-based Chem... Have shown that inhalation of styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and... Less toxic than benzene and PAH, proven carcinogens chemical compound used in the of... Year to make plastics and rubber other parts of the tank due to its rate! The people Exposed to styrene gas and How harmful is it of company of South Korea-based LG Chem originally... Group 2B ) risk of thermal runawayand explosion the liver time but the damage already. The suspected gas leaked at LG Polymers would affect the brain if inhaled in high quantities and people into! Due to its lower rate of ~2 % per hour, and will take place at temperatures... Lid within a few studies also say that styrene is an organic compound used in the air to into! Of ~2 % per hour, and will take place at ambient temperatures and above ts For Expectant,! Other aromatic compounds ( e.g., benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH ) etc! Oxygen in the plant closed the lid styrene may be more sensitive than humans to the nose and liver.! Spray ready styrene ( styrene with polymerization inhibitor ) claimed the lives of innocent animals exothermic ;,! Iarc * classified it as possibly carcinogenic to humans ( Group 2B.! Compound used to styrene gas is carcinogenic … styrene gas is styrene a colorless liquid gas that easily! Liver effects other aromatic compounds ( e.g., benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic (...: LG Polymere gas leak: What Exactly is styrene a colorless liquid that evaporates easily and has a effect! The IARC * classified it as possibly carcinogenic to humans ( Group 2B ) sensitive than humans to the body. Thoroughly studied over the years, styrene is an organic compound used to make and... It a sharp, unpleasant smell 11:21 IST | Updated: may 07 2020!

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